Stormwater / MS4
Managing Rain -- or "Stormwater" -- Runoff
Stormwater is the rainfall or snowmelt which results from precipitation. Years ago, when rain or snow fell it would be absorbed slowly into the ground. This natural filtration is best for our eco-system. But now, hard surfaces like driveways, sidewalks, roofs, and streets prevent infiltration. This creates stormwater "run-off" and is why communities have storm sewer systems. Catch basins, underground pipes, and outfalls manage rain & snow by moving it elsewhere. Storm drains keep roads safe and help prevent flooding but can also create problems.
How Groton Manages its Stormwater *"MS4" is short for CT DEEP's "municipal separate storm sewer system" permit. The word "separate" differentiates storm sewers from sanitary sewers (for wastewater or sewage) and from combined sewers. DEEP is CT's Dept. of Energy & Environmental Protection. The MS4 is part of the US EPA National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, or NPDES.
"Illicit Discharges" to Storm Drains (Illegal Dumping or Accidental Releases)
- Find Planning or Zoning Commission or Inland Wetland Agency Public Mtg. Notices, Agendas, &/or Minutes
- CT Department of Environmental Protection
- US Environmental Protection Agency
- Long Island Sound Study
- Save the Sound
- Adapt CT: "Rising Waters" Planning for Flooding in CT (YouTube video)